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Robert Todd Lincoln’s Birthday, Family, Bio

Robert Todd Lincoln: A Lawyer from IllinoisRobert Todd Lincoln, the eldest son of Abraham Lincoln, is not as well-known as his father, but he has left his mark on American history. Born on August 1, 1843, in Illinois, Robert Todd Lincoln went on to become a prominent lawyer.

This article will delve into the life and achievements of Robert Todd Lincoln, from his early years to his successful legal career.


– Family Background:

– Father: Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States

– Mother: Mary Todd Lincoln, a well-educated and politically inclined woman

– Siblings: Edward Baker Lincoln, William Wallace Lincoln, Tad Lincoln

– Education:

– Harvard College: Robert Todd Lincoln attended Harvard College and graduated in 1864

– Harvard Law School: After graduation, he went on to study law at Harvard Law School

– Personal Life:

– Marriage: He married Mary Eunice Harlan in 1868, and they had three children

– Political Involvement: Although he had a prominent political family background, Robert Todd Lincoln was not very involved in politics himself

Before Fame

– Witness to Tragedy:

– Assassination of Abraham Lincoln: Robert Todd Lincoln was present at Ford’s Theatre when his father was assassinated in 1865

– Emotional Toll: The tragic events took a toll on Robert Todd Lincoln, who witnessed the assassination and was deeply affected by his father’s death

– Legal Career:

– Illinois Bar: After completing his law studies, Robert Todd Lincoln was admitted to the Illinois Bar in 1867

– Law Firm: He became a partner in the law firm Isham, Lincoln & Beale, where he practiced law for several years

– High-profile Cases: Robert Todd Lincoln handled many high-profile cases during his legal career, including the successful defense of Guiteau, the assassin of President James Garfield

– Business Ventures:

– President of Pullman Palace Car Company: In 1881, Robert Todd Lincoln became the President of the Pullman Palace Car Company, a prominent railroad car manufacturing company

– Expansion and Success: Under his leadership, the company expanded and experienced significant success


Robert Todd Lincoln, born on August 1, 1843, in Illinois, had a remarkable life and career. As the son of Abraham Lincoln, he witnessed the tragic events of his father’s assassination, which deeply impacted him.

Robert Todd Lincoln’s legal career flourished, and he became involved in various business ventures as well. Throughout his life, he carried the legacy of his father, although he chose to make his own mark in the legal and business world.

The story of Robert Todd Lincoln is one of resilience, ambition, and success.


Robert Todd Lincoln, while not as well-known as his father, had several interesting facts and trivia associated with his life. Here are some intriguing details about him:

– Presidential Connections: Robert Todd Lincoln was the only one of Abraham Lincoln’s four sons to reach adulthood.

He was the son of a famous president, witnessed the assassination of another president, and served under two more presidents later in his life. He truly had a unique connection to the highest office in the land.

– Involvement in Other Historic Events: Besides being present at his father’s assassination, Robert Todd Lincoln was also present at two other significant historical moments. He was at the White House when his mother Mary Todd Lincoln suffered a mental breakdown, and he was also nearby when President James Garfield was assassinated in 1881.

– Coincidental Train Incident: In yet another strange twist of fate, Robert Todd Lincoln was involved in a train incident that foreshadowed future tragedies. In 1868, while waiting for a train, he had a close call with death when he fell between the platform and the moving train.

A man nearby pulled him to safety, and that man turned out to be Edwin Booth, the brother of John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of his father. This strange coincidence left Robert Todd Lincoln shaken but unharmed.

– Connection to Mount Rushmore: Robert Todd Lincoln, as the only surviving son of Abraham Lincoln, played a pivotal role in the creation of Mount Rushmore. He served as the Chairman of the Mount Rushmore National Memorial Commission from 1922 until his death in 1926.

Robert Todd Lincoln was instrumental in choosing the sculptor Gutzon Borglum and securing the necessary funding for the monument, ensuring his father’s enduring legacy.

Family Life

Despite the tragic events and historical significance surrounding his family, Robert Todd Lincoln also experienced everyday aspects of family life. Here is a closer look at his family dynamics:

– Marriage and Children: After his law career took off, Robert Todd Lincoln married Mary Eunice Harlan in 1868.

They had three children together: Mary “Mamie” Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln II (nicknamed “Jack”), and Jessie Harlan Lincoln. The couple provided a stable and loving home for their children, shielding them from the public spotlight as much as possible.

– Mary Harlan Lincoln: Mary Harlan Lincoln, Robert Todd Lincoln’s wife, came from a prominent political family herself. Her father, James Harlan, served as a U.S. Senator, while her uncle, William Seward, was Secretary of State under President Abraham Lincoln.

Mary played an active role in her husband’s life and provided him with unwavering support. – Relationship with Mother: Robert Todd Lincoln had a complex relationship with his mother, Mary Todd Lincoln.

Although they shared a deep bond, their relationship was often strained. Mary struggled with mental health issues, and her behavior at times was erratic.

This put a strain on their relationship, but Robert Todd Lincoln remained supportive of his mother and stood by her side. – Influence on Future Generations: Robert Todd Lincoln’s children and grandchildren went on to make their own contributions to society.

His daughter Mary “Mamie” Lincoln married Charles Isham, and their son, Lincoln Isham, became a successful businessman. Their descendants continue to contribute to various fields, keeping the Lincoln legacy alive through their endeavors.

– Family Legacy: The Lincoln name remains an enduring symbol in American history. From Abraham Lincoln’s presidency to Robert Todd Lincoln’s legal career and subsequent involvement in business and politics, the family’s contributions have left an indelible mark on the nation.

In Conclusion:

Robert Todd Lincoln’s life was marked by both triumph and tragedy. While his relationship with his famous father and the events he witnessed shaped him, Robert Todd Lincoln worked hard to establish his own identity.

His legal career, involvement in business ventures, and connections to significant historical moments make his story a remarkable one. Beyond his professional achievements, his family life and the impact he had on future generations further cement his place in American history.

The legacy of Robert Todd Lincoln is a testament to his resilience, intellect, and dedication.

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